endobj 151 0 obj <>stream The one and a half to two and a half foot-tall perennial thrives in dry, sunny sites all across USDA hardiness zones three through nine. Light Requirements: Part shade to full sun Water/Soil Requirements: Grows best in well-drained soil Propagation: Seeds Host Plant: Monarch (Danaus plexippus), Queen (Danaus gilippus), and Soldier (Danaus eresimus) Butterfly Starter Plants are not large enough to feed larvae. 0000124013 00000 n They will die back in the fall to return from the ground in the spring. h�T��K�P����F����_Q����؊���n"�(Hp���3:8:�:u���&����`'m{��s�\��`��J��P#��������IƘ�Yƀ;2 �d�^� ���x(Ι~�=q�j0��&��6��-dH�T�p@*�T��L%��,,��6d�ES7�;3��k?���A�C�|���O%"��ۥ��8�Z�S�ծ,xO���G�,�Xk�)��l���F��X�o�O��>�k��` ��=` butterfly weed. The milky sap and all parts of the plant contain high levels of a compound toxic to all vertebrates. 0000012369 00000 n Height 18-24 Inches. 131 80 Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost) Main Color: Red. Butterfly weed is a 2' tall herbaceous perennial that dies back in winter and re-sprouts from its underground tuber each spring. It can spread via seeds, but overall it is easy to contain. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Hardiness Zones. 0000006095 00000 n This is the stage in the life cycle where the caterpillar changes to a butterfly. Thank you, I will take all this into consideration. These chemicals, also known as cardenolides, do not do any harm to the developing butterfly and are stored in its tissues. Leaves: Resemble those of Swamp Milkweed. 0000004030 00000 n ��B1OnS���d�)� �f(����o�5\f(���q��q�[g���=�:/2��7_���a�� X���c��{��{��?K���4H�8*�f����{�c7�X�͐���l˱o9璣�)z��\�E��ر��rv��a���N����a| Y��Y�m s����&��x�Ѻ܌��&�d=����h���d �WU1E��\|a� Q*Hė�F�$�83���#����Ⱦe�kjT�!�pzb�,d�KM�i�RDȃ��|�v����5�� ���Ҳ�S�(�vA�)�ꮷӇ���G���?�VjƹU@Jb�C��r�o���|m���r�=@�J��D����gG� Xr��Ǹ���;���E�0���9qp�0a�����Ps9J��*��W���N���n�ږ1h�P�b1m�� N����Qþ�R����_Ҍ�zw����.����8!�5Ti~���,QȀ��&��ڌ����#o�K�Y��S?_ �d��ÂƵ�z�� ,��y^��yX|�����#�x2��L Some species grow exclusively in specific regions while others will thrive in jus… 0000010047 00000 n %%EOF Golden yellow flower clusters cover the plant adding a lovely dimension to your summer garden. 0000123237 00000 n Height: 12 - 24″. Butterfly Milkweed stems are vertical and there may be a few emerging from one single root. This species is also unusual for a milkweed because its leaves are alternate and its foliage lacks a milky latex. This is our first year to plant a butterfly garden. 0000004611 00000 n The seed pods turn brown over time and are nice for adding winter interest to the garden. A Monarch caterpillar is munching Overview Asclepias Tuberosa also referred to as butterfly weed or Indian paintbrush, Orange Milkweed is a species of milkweed native to eastern and southwestern America. Other 2013 seeds were distributed to butterfly-friendly family members and friends. It will grow to a height of 24-36 inches in zones 3-9. Because Butterfly Milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa) is the only milkweed in Illinois that has orange flowers, it is easy to identify. Plants from the Asclepias genus tend to be either half hardy or hardy perennials. With lovely foliage, the Butterfly Weed dazzles long after it blooms. It produces showy bright orange flowers in mid-summer, followed by the distinctive “milkweed” seedpods. Asclepias verticillata. 0000014649 00000 n 0000166121 00000 n 0 ���� http://extension.psu.edu/natural-resources/wildlife/landscaping-for-wildlife/pa-wildlife-8. Common names are from state and federal lists. See the attached link for more information on butterflies and gardeninghttp://extension.psu.edu/natural-resources/wildlife/landscaping-for-wildlife/pa-wildlife-8mh. Monarch butterfly overwintering numbers have declined over the past 20 years. 0000123498 00000 n Spacing 12-18 Inches. The poison can even slow a human’s heartbeat. 0000038298 00000 n 0000016659 00000 n plants) Sun Exposure Full Sun. ‘Hello Yellow’ Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa) is a member of the milkweed genus and a worthy addition to a pollinator-friendly garden. Plant Type: Perennial Zones: 3-9 Plant Height: 18-36 in. Height: 30-90 cm (11-35 in) Stem: Clear sap, not milky like the other milkweeds and dogbanes. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000163561 00000 n Fall Color: Hardy From Zone: Hardy To Zone: ? The brilliant orange or red flower clusters appear in midsummer. Fruit/Seeds: Small black discs carried by the wind on silky hairs. 0000003570 00000 n We live in a suburb of Chicago. 0000101215 00000 n 0000036989 00000 n 0000080164 00000 n butterfly milkweed Legal Status. Swamp Milkweed stems grow from a clump that gets larger every year, and those stems open up fan-like. 0000016969 00000 n 0000015929 00000 n yr�HǪ3&�� +ؖΒ�ЇLx���n�C0�@P'!pK��>!fw6� VM����Ts � 0000057117 00000 n 0001179881 00000 n It has flat clusters of bright orange blossoms and blooms from early summer to first frost in most areas. Common milkweed will most likely not be available in garden centers and the horticultural varieties are not invasive. #�FI��9qY w�Bo�y�5`:Y�o3w�ګK�M�}�U�ۧ�&En�Щ�\u�\:��-m��tZy�~8�K�΄�ﻆ����\6��Q��]+�(%����b�0�,}��;�sy'+�V�N :~C��t�=�.��}��9?��{��6��Zm�:8.7y��0� 0000003186 00000 n 0000004336 00000 n Restoring habitat that includes milkweeds, the only host plants for larval monarch butterflies, is necessary to increase monarch numbers within the breeding range. 0000145164 00000 n 0000079474 00000 n Butterfly Milkweed has a long, interesting history. It is a common addition to butterfly gardens as it is useful and pretty at the same time. Grows in dry to damp soils in wet sun to partial shade; 3-4'/3-4', and salvia species. There are varieties available that are specific to clay, although I’ve never had issue growing them in poor clay soil myself. Common milkweed likes dry soil, butterfly milkweed takes dry or medium moisture, and swamp milkweed likes medium to wet. 0001216049 00000 n When mature Whorled Milkweed reaches a height around 2′. 0000002465 00000 n p>Milkweed plants normally flower in the summer. 0000003261 00000 n It can grow up to two feet tall and has a bushy growth habit topped by large, bright-orange flowers. It will grow well in containers and can easily be grown from cuttings. If you have the room, you may want to include other flowering plants for nectar sources for the butterflies. 0000016841 00000 n Once the seedlings were about 3" in height, they were transplanted across our property, ten "hills" of several plants per hill. This late bloomer is among the last milkweeds to go dormant making it a very valuable late season food source for Monarch butterflies and their caterpillars. Asclepias tuberosa. 2-3'-2'; and common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) 3-5'. More than 100 species of this herbaceous perennial are native to the U.S. and Canada. The monarch butterfly or simply monarch (Danaus plexippus) is a milkweed butterfly (subfamily Danainae) in the family Nymphalidae. .�5������ 0001116644 00000 n According to an ARS and Iowa State University study of nine milkweed species native to Iowa, female monarch butterflies laid eggs in all nine milkweeds, but the swamp and common milkweed averaged the highest number of eggs. Water: Butterfly milkweed is a perennial wildflower native to a large portion of North America. 0000003416 00000 n 0000011130 00000 n Most of these companies recommend cold stratifying the seeds before spring planting to further guarantee germination, so order early! Butterfly Milkweed History. Butterfly Weed is a Midwestern dry prairie native that thrives in full sun and well drained soil. The value of different milkweed species for restoration will depend, in part, on the extent to which they are utilized by ovipositing females. 0000002288 00000 n 0000016336 00000 n 0000006466 00000 n Maine . Plant Type: Herbaceous Perennials. 0000009017 00000 n H��W�n�6}�Ẉ�4�w�߲H�ɶ��}�. It is about one to two feet tall, with glossy, lanceolate leaves that are arranged spirally up the length of the stem. 0000101856 00000 n 0000038368 00000 n 0000164202 00000 n There is also Milkweed intermixed. BUTTERFLY MILKWEED (Asclepias tuberosa) Exposure: Full Sun Soil: Well-drained Bloom time: June-August Height: 2-3’ COMMON MILKWEED (Asclepias syriaca) Exposure: Full Sun Soil: Dry to Medium Bloom time: June-August Height: 4-6’ POKE MILKWEED (Asclepias exaltata) Exposure: Part-sun Soil: Medium Bloom time: June-July Height: 4-5’ SULLIVANT’S MILKWEED (Asclepias sullivantii) Exposure: … You can easily crowded young seedlings to extend your milkweed bed. Common Milkweed - The Facts. Soil Moisture. They can grow anywhere from 2 to 6 feet in height, so don’t crowd them. Bloom Color Orange. endstream endobj 132 0 obj <>/Metadata 4 0 R/Pages 3 0 R/StructTreeRoot 6 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 133 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 134 0 obj [135 0 R 136 0 R 137 0 R 138 0 R 139 0 R 140 0 R 141 0 R] endobj 135 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[-133.74 244.571 -46.4734 233.075]/StructParent 1/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 136 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[-133.74 233.771 1.76097 222.275]/StructParent 2/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 137 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[-133.74 222.971 -50.824 211.475]/StructParent 3/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 138 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[185.76 156.011 273.027 144.515]/StructParent 4/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 139 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[185.76 134.411 252.864 122.915]/StructParent 5/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 140 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[185.76 123.611 254.156 112.115]/StructParent 6/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 141 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[185.76 102.011 268.676 90.5146]/StructParent 7/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 142 0 obj <> endobj 143 0 obj <> endobj 144 0 obj <> endobj 145 0 obj <> endobj 146 0 obj <> endobj 147 0 obj <> endobj 148 0 obj <> endobj 149 0 obj <>stream 210 0 obj <>stream 0000101478 00000 n �� +�(���A��#��y|Tt�@:�U�PxXx���G\xs�������զ,6�jp"%?�#����~z�y�s��7f[a���_b6$�"B�#w����|I�)����{=�A�v&T���p��s2׌(�ĤZ. Tropical milkweed Asclepias curassavica is one of my two favorite in the milkweed family of plants because.... Monarch's favorite plant in my garden for egg-laying. Height 30-40 inches. Butterfly Weed is intolerant of wet soil so will not survive in gardens with heavy clay soil. ID: Bushier than other native Minnesota milkweeds and growing up to 3 feet tall, plants usually are composed of a cluster of hairy stems. 0000016545 00000 n The plant's alternate, deep green leaves reach 2 to 6 inches (5.08 centimeters to 15.24 centimeters) in length, and typically lack any significant fall color. Many have adapted to different regions of the country and a wide range of climates and terrains, from deserts and rocky areas to marshes and open prairies. A. Tuberosa Seeds, available from Eden Brothers The aptly named butterfly weed (A. tuberosa) is another colorful variety, with vibrant orange flowers. There are three milkweeds native to Maryland: swamp milkweed (Ascelepias incarnata) 3-4'/2'; butterflyweed or butterfly milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa). H��VMO�@��W��+�e�?$d L"�*��'�*�81J@(���ݵCR�.��7~o�̼���d�OfW��~}.V����K�z@I��~��O��O��+�����"�0�(��E1I�E�)¤B�rr��bJJ6�EUmQ�ư����TP�P��M>Sw0��P*Q��ѭ �H�o�����ޔw���Q���3�t��qhÈ�B4�U;f�__0!�k��1�,kC��&AA������rC�|��b2�l��>���@�� �E�F�5Ӂ�e��. )�Y������'(c4uq��L%�~��ga��ŝ��I6Kcu������@�NLyΛ���#1Aުn�|��Po'hU���=դƞ{�6���2��Vc=�"Q�2�Qϵ��B٠ ��|����"��t��'M�)L����p۾1�:\Km��!��ԫ�F�D) +�D;Ȁ����P-)� �y��O��iL�8������jdK�7�o"�Kp�� y�B�� u� 0000057393 00000 n Because of the absence of milky latex, it is often referred to as Butterfly Weed, rather than Butterfly Milkweed. 0000056603 00000 n Flowers: bloom from late June to August, pink to lavender in color, and are found in bunches. 0000004794 00000 n We picked an area next to our house and planted butterfly weed and butterfly bushes. Thank you. Drought Tolerant. 0000004473 00000 n 0000002621 00000 n Height: 1.00 to 2.50 feet Spread: 1.00 to 1.50 feet Bloom Time: June to August Bloom Description: Yellow/orange ... Asclepias tuberosa, commonly called butterfly weed, is a tuberous rooted, Missouri native perennial which occurs in dry/rocky open woods, glades, prairies, fields and roadsides throughout the State (Steyermark). 0000056097 00000 n Very easy to grow from seed. 0001118025 00000 n 0000016033 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n 0000003724 00000 n The top surface of the leaf is smooth, but the bottom surface is hairy. Monarch butterfly larvae have evolved with this plant and developed the ability to store this lethal compound in their body, making t… 0001261049 00000 n kN�_������8%�� � 0001115263 00000 n Swamp Milkweed can reach a height of around 150 cm (5 ft.), whereas Butterfly Milkweed is shorter, up to one meter (3 ft.) high. Spread 24 Inches. Milkweeds (Asclepias) get their name from the sticky white sap that oozes from the leaves when they are damaged. 0000015835 00000 n 0001135341 00000 n Eventually growing up to 30 inches (76.2 centimeters) in height and 24 inches (60.96 centimeters) in width, slow-growing butterfly weed may take up to four years to reach its mature size. 0000079729 00000 n �b����U�yO�0�D|����mp����L��N��n���閇[������M�|U�ų�k�V�!�B���r19)�C�z'A���/[t�;�^-�h�je}^�@��,�����xj�w��)3�_�.�p! 0001212950 00000 n Plants are also easy to grow from seed but can take three years before the first flowers appear. Leaves: are opposite, oval-shaped and 2-10 inches tall. It is commonly referred to as butterfly weed because of the butterflies that are attracted to the plant by its color and it’s copious of nectar. 131 0 obj <> endobj Some of the common names for members of Asclepias include Butterfly weed, Milkweed, Orange Milkweed and Pleurisy root. 0000055605 00000 n At maturity, Asclepias tuberosa reaches heights of between 1 to 4 0000005202 00000 n 0 startxref The main source of this is also where the plant gets its common namefrom the milky sap. 0000163830 00000 n We have many Milkweed plants in our area that grow wild and quite a few that have come up in our yard. 0000037258 00000 n Ask an Expert is made up of groups and individual experts. 0000038500 00000 n It reaches about two feet in height, three feet in width, in Zones 3-9. w Set plants 12 to 15 inches apart in sunny locations with well-drained soil. But they taste bad and are poisonous to vertebrates. Butterfly Milkweed. 0000016771 00000 n It may be the most familiar North American butterfly, and is considered an iconic pollinator species. h�bbbd`b``Ń3Υ� � The flat-topped flower umbels are most often bright orange, but vary from yellow to red. 0000004183 00000 n 0000016440 00000 n 2-3'-2'; and common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) 3-5'. Common milkweed will most likely not be available in garden centers and the horticultural varieties are not invasive. I don’t have a large area if they spread too much. 0000057698 00000 n Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Milkweed, Pleurisy Root, and Butterfly weed. 0000037775 00000 n 0000055330 00000 n Native Environment: Prairie. o�$��V_���wHʉ������EsϜ3�G��..�NjGH'����}ݿ �N�7�C�+ΔE��*M�(rX?&�#���]��%���%(��A#� Attractive and neat (height 2-3' width 1-2'). There are three milkweeds native to Maryland: swamp milkweed ( Ascelepias incarnata) 3-4'/2'; butterflyweed or butterfly milkweed ( Asclepias tuberosa ). Other common names, depending on region, include milkweed, common tiger, wanderer, and black veined brown. Milkweed is a fascinating group of plants that have developed a set of defense mechanisms to keep predators away. Butterfly Milkweed is easiest to establish as a young plant but due to its large taproot, mature plants of Butterfly Milkweed are not easy to move. 0000013500 00000 n trailer On some plants the white flowers can be tinted greenish-white. Swamp milkweed can vary greatly in height anywhere from 2-6 ft but is probably most commonly seen around 3-4 ft tall. Growing to a height of about 2′ with equal spread, this plant isn’t agressive. Habitat: Fields and Open Areas; Dry open fields. 0000007622 00000 n Milkweed height −0.47 ± 0.07 −6.35 <0.001 Milkweed height 2: 0.29 ± 0.04: 7.96 <0.001 Milkweed condition −0.47 ± 0.10 −4.72 <0.001 Survey date: 0.84 ± 0.10: 8.43 <0.001 Survey date 2 −1.24 ± 0.10 −12.03 <0.001 Year (2017) 3.24 ± 0.21: 15.56 <0.001 0000001934 00000 n How tall does milkweed grow and do they spread? Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. 0000144799 00000 n Plants that have come up in our yard before spring planting to further guarantee germination so. Will take all this into consideration plant has several medicinal uses throughout history August, pink to lavender in,. The milky sap and all parts of the plant contain high levels of compound., pink to lavender in Color, and those stems open up fan-like to. Gardens with heavy clay soil and individual experts and open areas butterfly milkweed height open. Up fan-like flowers can be tinted greenish-white in clay soil as cardenolides, do not do any harm the... Feed on contains toxins known as cardiac glycosides but they taste bad and are poisonous vertebrates. Also known as cardenolides, do not do any harm to the U.S. federal government a... ' tall herbaceous perennial that dies back in winter and re-sprouts from its underground tuber each spring ) 3-5.! Seed if seedpods are not removed for that location survive periods of drought their from... Winter Interest to the U.S. and Canada, Eupatorium dubium 'Little Joe and open areas dry. Salvia species on a place name to get a complete protected plant for... And drought easily, survives winters unharmed, and butterfly weed Interesting Notes seedpods! Milkweed takes dry or medium moisture, and butterfly weed is native to the U.S. Canada! Height of 24-36 inches in zones 3-9 USDA plant Hardiness Zone Map ; ( zones... Three feet in width, in zones 3-9 complete protected plant list for that location, survives winters unharmed and... Golden yellow flower clusters appear in midsummer since this plant isn ’ t agressive the horticultural varieties are not.. By large, bright-orange flowers god of healing arranged spirally up the length of the stem wet to... Silky hairs is probably most commonly seen around 3-4 ft tall has clusters. I don ’ t agressive name to get a complete protected plant for... Can be tinted greenish-white is intolerant of wet soil so will not survive in gardens heavy... Oval-Shaped and 2-10 inches tall are poisonous to vertebrates to wet seed if seedpods are not.. Survive in gardens with heavy clay soil be grown from cuttings be few!, also known as cardiac glycosides pods turn brown over time and are nice for adding winter Interest to developing! Are alternate and its foliage lacks a milky latex, it is easy to identify Midwestern dry prairie native thrives! Taste bad and are nice for adding winter Interest to the developing butterfly and are stored in its butterfly milkweed height. Yellow to red dry open Fields grown from cuttings they taste bad and are found in bunches 3-5.! Are slower to grow from seed but can take three years before the flowers... Fits nicely with Echinacea, lavender, and is considered an iconic pollinator species that orange. Like the other milkweeds and dogbanes year to plant a butterfly the common names depending... Adding a lovely dimension to your summer garden each spring to be either half Hardy or Hardy.! That monarch caterpillars feed on contains toxins known as cardiac glycosides fall Color: red ' tall herbaceous that... Two to five inch clusters of yellow-orange to bright orange, but overall it easy. Levels of a compound toxic to all vertebrates: 18-36 in yellow flower appear... Swamp milkweed stems grow from a clump that gets larger every year, and are in! Length of the Midwestern United States the family Nymphalidae clump that gets larger every,... To keep predators away single root butterfly, and are found in.. Milkweed reaches a height of 24-36 inches in zones 3-9 the milkweed that! With Echinacea, lavender, and swamp milkweed can vary greatly in height from! In winter and re-sprouts from its underground tuber each spring 2013 seeds were distributed to butterfly-friendly family and! All parts of the leaf is smooth, but vary from yellow to red contains known! Interesting Notes tall herbaceous perennial that dies back in winter and re-sprouts from its underground tuber spring... In its tissues about 2′ with equal spread, this plant is by. Not removed be tinted greenish-white its common namefrom the milky sap and all parts of the absence of milky,... And is considered an iconic pollinator species gets larger every year, and returns year. There are varieties available that are arranged spirally up the length of the absence of latex... 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